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发表时间 : 2018-7-27 15:10:29 | 浏览 : 7106    评论 : 3

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这简直是一个非人类的OPI英语话题。听我道来

Minimum Safe Altitude

1. Can you tell me your understanding about minimum safe altitude?

Minimu safe altitude is the lowest altitude at which an aircraft may fly in a sector. Both ATC and flight crews should observe (遵守) the requirement of minimum safe altitude to ensure flight safety.

2. What might happen if the minimum safe altitude is exceeded?

这个问题字面意思是:如果超过(即高于)最低安全高度会发生什么?实在太弱智了!修改如下:

What might happen if an aircraft descends below the minimum safe altitude?

或者:

What might happen if the minimum safe altitude is compromised?

If the minimum safe altitude is compromised, the aircraft may not have enough obstacle clearance. There may even be the risk of controlled flight into terrain (可控飞行撞地).

3. Do you have any means of ensuring that aircraft do not exceed the minimum safe altitude?

与上题同样的毛病,可能收集题的人记错了,修改如下:

Do you have any means of ensuring that aircraft do not fly below the minimum safe altitude?

First, I should always be aware of the minimum safe altitude for the sector under my control, and then I can use the radar to monitor the altitude of aircraft operating in my sector.

4. What will you do if the aircraft under your control flies below the minimum safe altitude?

If an aircraft flies below the minimum safe altitude, I would instruct the aircraft to climb immediately above the safe altitude. Otherwise, I can ask the aircraft to maintain visual separation from the obstacles.

5、Below the minimum safe altitude and under radar control, can you assign a visual approach in marginal weather to avoid terrain warning? Why?

I cannot authorize visual approach in marginal weather conditions. When visibility is only slightly above the minima, it is difficult for the pilot to establish and maintain visual reference with the runway or obstacle. This is a very dangerous situation.

6、For pilots insisting on visual approach in marginal weather, what precautions can ATC make to ensure flight safety?

ATC should advise the pilot of the highest obstacle in the approach area and use radar to monitor the altitude and heading of the aircraft. ATC can also pass the weather trend information to the pilot.

下面讲个语言点:

指挥怎么说?

OPI考试时,经常会用到一个说法:指挥飞机做某事。不知道为什么,很多人会想到control。无论怎么组织,这个句子都好看不了!control the aircraft to do更是英语中根本没有的搭配。

最常用的应该是instruct

The controller instructed the aircraft to taxi to the runway holding point.

The controller instructed the aircraft to climb immediately above the minimum safe altitude.

如果感觉这个词用太多了,可以偶尔用用clear

The controller cleared the aircraft to cross the runway.

翻译句话:有时我要同时指挥7、8架飞机。

Somtimes, I have to work 7 or 8 aircraft at the same time.

可见,同一个汉语意思,在不同语境下和搭配下,需要使用不同的英语词。如果说英语光靠汉译英,是很容易出错的。说好英语,最终还得多听、多读,多总结!
【飞行英语ICAO考试】答云友的提问:OPI话题Minimum Safe Altitude - 临云行 - 151028smruvlbi77euiede.jpg
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
老杰.特 评论于2018-7-27 15:10:44 |私信
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
MFFRMFFR 评论于2018-7-30 11:55:57 |私信
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
老杰.特 评论于2018-8-2 23:18:24 |私信
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
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