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发表时间 : 2018-5-2 16:22:49 | 浏览 : 8981    评论 : 1

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《考试指南》共有12个话题,这些话题只是我们ICAO英语系列的起点。

Fire on Board是《考试指南》的第八个话题,共有六个问题:

问题:

1. Which is more dangerous, a bomb threat or a fire on board? Why?

2. What may cause a fire on board?

3. If a pilot reports that passengers have been injured, how would it affect your control operations?

4. Are there any standard procedures for controllers to deal with fire on board? If yes, please explain.

5. If an aircraft with fire on board lands at your airport and executes emergency evacuation on the runway in use, what can you do to help subsequent flights?

6) How do you cooperate with other ATC units when a fire breaks out on board?

参考资料1:小作文

Fire in the Air

Fire in the air refers to fire that breaks out on an aircraft when it is airborne. It is one of the most hazardous situations that a flight crew may encounter. Without aggressive intervention, a fire on board may result in loss of the aircraft within a very short of period of time. Once a fire has become established, it is very unlikely for the crew to extinguish it.

aggressive intervention: 大力干预

become established: 站稳脚跟

extinguish: 扑灭

Fire in the air can be divided into three major types: engine fire, cabin fire and hidden fire, with hidden fire being the most dangerous of all. First, a hidden fire is difficult to locate and access. Second, a hidden fire is more difficult to confirm, and the crew may be reluctant to request emergency landing. As a result of the delay, the fire may get out of control before the aircraft has the opportunity to land.

access: 靠近,走近

In case of a fire on board, time is always the most critical factor. It is generally believed that from the first indication of a fire on board, the pilot has on the average about 17 minutes to get the aircraft on the ground. Therefore, whether you  are a pilot or a controller, spare no time to land the aircraft in the event of a fire on board!

indication: 迹象

in the event of: 万一、一旦

参考资料2:国内规定

Upon receiving report of a fire on board from the pilot, the controller should take the following actions:

1) Learn about the location of the fire and measures taken by the pilot;

2) Clear the aircraft to descend to the minimum safety altitude and instruct other aircraft to avoid this aircraft;

3) If the pilot intends to proceed to the nearest airport or make a forced landing, timely provide the necessary flight information and advise the search and rescue services about the location of forced landing;

4) Provide the aircraft with landing priority and other conveniences and avoid missed approach as much as possible;

5) Alert the emergency services of the airport to stand by.

注:译自86号令。
【飞行英语ICAO考试】Answer  云友 questions!话题Fire on Board注意点(一) - 临云行 - 162248voeujztijjx8dqut.jpg
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
贝多芬狂想曲 评论于2018-5-2 16:23:15 |私信
希望大家能用到,祝大家ICAO过关
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