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发表时间 : 2018-5-21 11:26:26 | 浏览 : 5260    评论 : 1

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云友让翻译,现翻译如下:
Many airports can be defined as complicated airports. First, if the airports have more complicated airport layout such as complicated runways and taxiways, they can be considered as complicated airports, such as Kennedy International Airport, New York. Second, if the airports have more variable weather conditions and more complicated terrains, they can be considered as complicated airports, such as seaside airports or high elevation airports.
很多机场可以定义为复杂机场。第一,如果机场有更复杂的机场布局,比如复杂跑道,复杂滑行道,他们可以称作复杂机场,例如纽约肯尼迪国际机场;第二,如果机场有更多变的天气或更复杂的地形地貌,他们可以称作复杂机场,比如海滨机场和高原机场。

High elevation airports include general high elevation airports (>4922ft/1500m) and very high elevation airports (>8000ft/2438m).
高原机场包括一般高原机场(标高大于4922英尺或1500米)和高高原机场(标高大于8000英尺或2438米)。

Compared with sea level airports, there are some differences of flying high elevation airports because air density and aircraft engine power decreases with altitude and temperature but the approach speed increases with altitude. For example, the air density is thinner, the aircraft engine performance will be significantly reduced. On the one hand, a longer takeoff distance is needed to accelerate to Vr. On the other hand, a longer landing distance is needed to stop the aircraft.
因为空气密度和发动机性能随着高度和温度增高而减小,同时进近速度会随着高度增加而增加,与海平面机场相比,飞高原机场有一些特殊之处,比如,空气密度更小,飞机发动机性能会明显下降。一方面,需要更长的起飞距离加速到Vr(抬轮速度),另一方面,需要更长的着陆距离停下飞机。

In addition, when we fly to high elevation airports, we should be more careful about the surrounding terrains and variable weather conditions such as wind shear, high crosswind, mountain-wave turbulence and so on.
此外,我们飞高原机场时,我们应该更加注意周边地形和多变的天气,比如风切变,大侧风,山地波等。

To avoid the surrounding terrain, we can use GPWS or EGPWS (If the aircraft is too close to the surrounding terrain, GPWS or EGPWS warning will be triggered, and we will hear “terrain, terrain”, “too low, too low”, “pull up, pull up”.
为了避开周边地形,我们可以使用近地警告系统或增强型近地警告系统(如果飞机太靠近周边地形,近地警告系统会被触发,我们会听到“地形,地形”,“太低,太低”,“拉起,拉起”)。

Therefore, when we fly to high elevation airports, we should make good preflight preparations. First, we should perform a good walkaround check to ensure the aircraft is in good conditions. Second, we should know the airport runway conditions, weather conditions, ground services. Third, we should discuss the possible emergency or abnormal situations, and the procedures to deal with these situations.
当我们飞高标高机场的时候,我们应该做好飞行前准备:第一,我们应该很好绕机检查,确保飞机处于良好状态;第二,我们应该了解机场跑道情况,天气情况,地面服务设施;第三,我们应该讨论可能发生的紧急情况或非正常情况以及应对程序。

Meanwhile, the flight crew must meet specific pilot qualifications of flying high elevation airports. The pilots must have completed enough trainings of flying high elevation airports. The captain must be under 55 years and have more than 200 hours of flying high elevation airports. The first officer must have more than 1200 flight hours.
同时,飞行机组人员必须满足高原机场运行的特殊飞行员资质。飞行员必须完成足够的高原机场运行训练;机长必须年龄不超过55岁,具有高原机场飞行200小时及以上;副驾必须具有1200小时及以上的飞行经历时间。

*Key Words and Expressions重点词汇与词组*

high elevation airport 高原机场
complicated airport 复杂机场
sea level airport 海平面机场
be defined as      被定义为         
flight characteristics 飞行特点
air density        空气密度
aircraft performance 飞机性能
takeoff distance 起飞距离
landing distance 着陆距离
complicated terrain  复杂地形
pilot qualification 飞行员资质
GPWS 近地警告系统
EGPWS 增强型近地警告系统
trigger           触发

图片:photo  by  one  摄影师P…
【ICAO飞行员英语】回复云友:词汇和相关陆空通话翻译 - 临云行 - 112625pbbbharewq3hwqwh.jpg
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贝多芬狂想曲 评论于2018-5-21 11:26:43 |私信
希望对大家有好处
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