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发表时间 : 2018-5-22 12:09:20 | 浏览 : 7077    评论 : 1

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《考试指南》共有12个话题,这些话题只是我们ICAO英语系列的起点。
Air miss or near miss是《考试指南》的其中话题,共有六个问题:

常用词汇:

避免相撞:avoid collision

避让动作:avoiding action

避免灾难发生:avert a disaster

改变航向:change heading / alter course
指挥:direct / instruct

大角度转弯:a tight / sharp / hard turn

违反间隔:breach / violate separation minima

重新建立间隔:re-establish / resume / restore the required separation

事故征候:incident

参考答案:
1) Could you please describe an event of air miss or near miss?
I have never experienced a near miss before. So I would like to talk about such an event I came across on the Internet. An aircraft was on final to an airport in the US. Suddenly, the pilot saw an unmannned aircraft less than 100 feet below its flight path. The aircraft climbed immediately to avoid the unmanned aircraft.

2) Why is air miss or near miss dangerous?
An air miss or near miss is dangerous because it means the separation minima between two aircraft are breached. Therefore, an air miss or near miss is very close to a mid-air collision. When a mid-air collision occurs, hundreds of lives may be lost and the aircraft may be damaged severely on a permanent basis.

3) What can cause air miss or near miss?
Air miss can be caused by a controller who gives a wrong instruction or fails detect a flight conflict. Air miss can also be caused by a pilot who does not comply with the instruction of the controller. Finally, an air miss may be caused by the failure or malfunction of airborne instruments or ATC equipment.

4) What are the separation minima for radar control or procedure control adopted in your control area?
For approach control and area control, the minimum vertical separation should be 300m. If two aircraft are flying on the same flight level, longitudinal separation should be provided. The minimum longitudinal separation under radar control should be 6 km for approach control and 10 km for area control.
注:视具体情况,替换答案中的数据。

5) When you discover the risk of air miss between two aircraft, what should you do to avoid near miss?
I will work out a quick solution to resolve the conflict. For example, if two aircraft are on reciprocal tracks on the same flight level, I can instruct one flight to change heading or altitude immediately in order to re-establish the required separation.

6) What are the procedures in your unit when the separation minima seem to be breached?
When separation minima seem to be breached, the controller should take measures immediately to re-establish the required separation. Then, the supervisor and other leaders in charge should be advised. If the case is very serious, an investigation should be carried out and a report must be filed.

图片by云友翼刀
【ICAO飞行员英语考试】答云友们的提问《考试指南》重要话题如何答(附答案) - 临云行 - 120920z72060oh60o6orxq.jpg
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
老杰特 评论于2018-5-22 12:20:59 |私信
ICAO话题并不难,只要用心
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
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