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发表时间 : 2018-5-22 20:44:05 | 浏览 : 6813    评论 : 1

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帮云友翻译如下:

There are three elements for fire: flammable material, oxygen and heat. Fire can be extinguished by removing any of the three elements: shutting off the fuel supply, starving the oxygen, removing the heat with water or chemicals.
起火有三个因素:易燃物质、氧气、热量。移除三个因素中的一个就可以灭火:关掉燃油供给、断氧、用水或化学品降温。

During flight, the areas which are likely to catch fire are the engines, cockpit, cargo hold, cabin, toilet, galley, landing gear and avionic bay. Fire on board is a very dangerous situation. We should keep in mind what may cause the fire and what to do in case of fire.
飞行中,容易起火的部位有发动机,驾驶舱,货舱,客舱,厕所,厨房,起落架和电子设备舱。机上起火非常危险,我们应该记住那些原因可能导致起火,起火情况下我们要做什么。

Here we just take engine fire for example. There are some possible reasons for engine fire. First, flammable substances such as fuel, oil, hydraulic fluid may be in contact with hot surfaces and cause engine fire. Second, mechanical problems of engine itself may lead to engine fire. Third, human errors/maintenance errors may cause engine fire. Besides, there are some other reasons for engine fire, such as foreign object strike or ingestion and lightning strike.
下边我们以发动机起火为例,有很多原因可能导致发动机起火。第一,易燃物质比如燃油、滑油或液压油可能与热表面接触,导致发动机起火;第二,发动机本身的机械故障可能导致发动机起火;第三,人为差错/维修差错可能导致发动机起火。此外,还有其他一些原因导致发动机起火,比如异物撞击或异物吸入,雷击。

In case of engine fire, first, we will retard the thrust lever of affected engine to idle and shut off the fuel supply to the faulty engine. Second, we will discharge the fire bottle to extinguish the fire. Meanwhile, we will declare the distress to ATC and request emergency landing at the nearest suitable airport and emergency service upon landing.
如果发动机起火,第一,我们要回收故障发动机的推力杆至慢车位,切断故障发动机的燃油供给;第二,我们将释放灭火瓶,灭火;同时,我们将向管制宣告遇险,请求最近合适机场紧急着陆,请求落地后提供紧急服务。

In case of smoke or fire in the cockpit caused by short circuit or otherelectrical malfunctions, the pilots should keep calm and keep the control ofthe aircraft. Then the flight crew, cabin crew and passengers will put on theoxygen masks and the pilot should report the distress to ATC, start emergencydescent and make immediate landing.
如果电气短路或其他电气故障导致驾驶舱冒烟或者起火,飞行员应该保持镇静,控制好飞机。然后,飞行人员,空乘人员和乘客要戴上氧气面罩,飞行员要向管制报告遇险,开始紧急下降,马上落地。

In the event of cabin fire, the pilots should take immediate actions to identify the source of fire, extinguish the fire with fire extinguisher, remove the smoke from the cabin by opening cabin air vents and land as quickly as possible.
如果客舱起火,飞行员应该马上采取行动识别火源,用灭火器灭火,打开客舱通风口,移除烟雾,尽快着陆。

*Key Words and Expressions重点词汇与词组*

smoke      烟雾
flame       火焰
fume         烟雾
smell         味道
fire         起火
flammable material  易燃物质
oxygen      氧气
heat         热量
extinguish    扑灭
put out       扑灭
fire extinguisher 灭火器
fire bottle      灭火瓶
smoke in flight deck 驾驶舱冒烟
cabin fire     客舱起火
engine fire    发动机起火
electrical fire    电气起火
undercarriage fire  起落架起火
wheel well fire  轮舱起火
toilet        厕所
lavatory      厕所
galley        厨房
cargo hold    货舱
avionics bay   电子设备舱
oxygen masks   氧气面罩
fire services   消防服务
fire engines    消防车
fire trucks     消防车
fire fighter     消防队员
discharge     释放
empty        倒空
emergency descent  紧急下降
fire warning light   火警灯
illuminated    闪亮
cough badly       咳得厉害
get burnt          烧伤
suffocate          窒息
scared            受惊吓
frightened         受惊吓
in panic           惊慌
declare distress/MAYDAY  宣告遇险
under control       得到控制
out of control       失去控制
in chaos           一片混乱
【ICAO飞行员英语考试】回答云友们问题:Smoke or Fire on Board词汇和句型 - 临云行 - 204404rd5ql3w3c5o7mbdz.jpg
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老杰.特 评论于2018-5-22 20:44:21 |私信
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