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发表时间 : 2018-5-23 10:42:33 | 浏览 : 12307    评论 : 0

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最近有不少同学问我飞行员英语ICAO考试的一些问题,让我翻译一些相关词汇和句型,这里我统一回复下:

【临云行】·【飞行英语·ICAO考试】Answer 云友 questions!​Pressurization和词汇句型

【飞行英语·ICAO考试】Answer 云友 questions!​Pressurization和词汇句型  蓝天学堂 104214tc3o3luojobxx6o3 临云行 通用航空飞行员社区


句型翻译

Pressurization is one of the most important aircraft systems which is used in modern aircraft to adjust the cabin altitude or regulate the pressure difference between the inside air and outside air around the aircraft and make passengers and crew members on board safe and comfortable.

增压系统是现代飞机最重要的飞机系统之一,用来调节座舱高度或调节飞机内外压差,使机上乘客和机组人员安全舒适。

When flying in high altitudes without pressurization, especially above 4000 meters, people will feel a certain hypoxia (lack of oxygen), or even lose consciousness.

在高空飞行,特别是4000米以上,没有增压系统的话,机上人员会感觉缺氧,甚至失去意识。

The pressurized areas are the cockpit, the cabin, the cargo hold and avionics bay. The pressurization of the modern aircraft is regulated by the compressed air. One of the most common sources of compressed air is bleed air from the engines. Another source of compressed air is the bleed air from APU (Auxiliary Power Unit).

增压区域包括驾驶舱,客舱,货舱和电子设备舱。现代飞机增压靠压缩气体调节。压缩气体最常见的来源是来自发动机的引气。压缩气体的另一种来源来自APU(辅助动力装置)引气。

There are many situations in which decompression will happen. First, mechanical problem such as outflow valve malfunction, air conditioning/pack problems or bleed air leak may cause decompression. Second, structuraldamage such as cracked or smashed windshield, damage to the doors or windows may cause depressurization. Third, human errors may causedepressurization. For example, the mechanics or pilots forget to resume the manual mode back to auto mode, just like Flight 522.

很多情况下会发生失压。第一,机械故障比如外流活门故障,空调组件问题,引气泄漏可能导致失压;第二,结构损坏比如,风挡裂纹或破碎,门窗损坏可能导致失压;第三,认为差错也会导致失压,比如,机务或飞行员忘记将(增压)手工模式调回自动模式,正如太阳神号522航班一样。

In case of depressurization, there are many possible consequences. First, the pilot may get incapacitated due lack of oxygen and can’t continue to maintain the control of the aircraft. Second, the passengers may feel sick and uncomfortable, or even get injured and lose their lives, especially during explosive depressurization. Third, depressurization may also cause damage to the aircraft structures or even the total loss of control of the aircraft.

在失压情况下,可能有很多后果:第一,飞行员可能因为缺氧失能,无法继续操纵飞机;第二,乘客可能感觉不舒服,甚至受伤或丧身,特别是爆炸性失压时。第三,失压也可能导致飞机结构损坏,甚至飞机完全失去控制。

In the circumstances of rapid depressurization during flight, as the pilots, we should keep calm and maintain the control of the aircraft. We should put on the oxygen masks and make an emergency descent to a safe altitude, below 3000m. At the same time, weshould follow SOP, complete the emergency depressurization checklist and report our situation to ATC, request emergency landing and emergent assistance from ATC.

在(快速)失压情况下,作为飞行员,我们应该保持镇静,保持对飞机的控制。我们应该带上氧气面罩,紧急下降到安全高度,3000米以下。与此同时,我们应该执行标准操作程序,完成紧急失压检查单,报告管制我们的情况,请求紧急着陆,请求管制紧急救助。



Key Words and Expressions重点词汇与词组

pressurization         增压

cabin altitude        座舱高度

cabin altitude warning   座舱高度警告

cabin pressure     座舱压力

cabin pressure differential   座舱压差

cabin rate of climb  座舱爬升率

unusual noises     异常噪音

outflow valve     外流活门

bleed air leak     引气泄露

pack problem  (空调)组件问题

structural damage    结构损坏

depressurized       失压的

unpressurized cabin  失压的客舱

cabin decompression   客舱失压

cabin depressurization  客舱失压

slow depressurization   慢失压

rapid depressurization   快失压

explosive depressurization  爆炸性失压

symptoms of hypoxia  缺氧症状

lose consciousness    失去意识

get incapacitated      失能

unconscious passenger  失去意识的乘客

level off     (停止爬升)改平

emergency descent   紧急下降

immediate descent   立即下降

initiate emergency descent  启动紧急下降

oxygen masks   氧气面罩

descent rate     下降率

rate of descent   下降率




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