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发表时间 : 2018-6-16 18:22:03 | 浏览 : 11739    评论 : 1

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帮云友翻译下

A cockpit or flight deck is the area from which a pilot controls the aircraft. It is usually located near the front of an aircraft. The cockpit of an aircraft contains a lot of flight instruments on an instrument panel and the controls which enable the pilot to fly the aircraft.
驾驶舱或飞行甲板是飞行员操纵飞机的地方。驾驶舱通常位于飞机的前部。飞机驾驶舱仪表面板上许多飞行仪表和飞机操纵装置,使飞行员能操纵飞机。

The traditional cockpit is usually equipped with analog instruments with knobs and dials on the instrument panel, each analog instrument showing one flight information. Altimeters show the altitude of the aircraft, ADI shows the attitude of the aircraft, airspeed indicators show the airspeed of the aircraft, vertical speed indicators show the vertical speed of aircraft, turn coordinators show the aircraft yaw.
传统驾驶舱经常配备(传统)模拟仪表,模拟仪表在仪表盘上有旋钮与按键,每个模拟仪表显示一条飞行信息:高度表显示飞机高度,姿态指引仪显示飞机姿态,空速指示仪显示飞机空速,垂直速度仪显示飞机垂直速度,转弯协调仪显示飞机偏航。

Now, the instrument panels are almost replaced by electronic displays such as EFIS (Airbus) or EADI (Boeing), ECAM (Airbus) or EICAS (Boeing).
现在,仪表面板几乎都被电子显示器替代了,比如EFIS (空客)/EADI(波音),ECAM(空客)/EICAS(波音)等。

EFIS is short for Electronic Flight Information System and EADI is short for Electronic Attitude Direction Indicator. They can display all information critical to flight including airspeed, altitude, heading, attitude, vertical speed and yaw in a single display unit.
EFIS是电子飞行信息系统的简称,EADI是电子姿态指引仪的简称。他们可以在单独一块显示器上显示一切飞行相关的重要信息,比如空速,高度,航向,姿态,垂直速度和偏航。

ECAM (Airbus) and EICAS (Boeing) can provide pilots with information about engine parameters and other aircraft systems.
ECAM(空客)和EICAS(波音)可以为飞行员提供关于发动机参数和其他飞机系统的信息。

Besides, modern cockpit is also equipped with auditory displays for direct voice output and warning sounds such as GPWS or EGPWS to better control the aircraft and monitor its flight information.
此外,现代驾驶舱还配备音频显示器,直接语音输出或者(发出)警告音,比如GPWS/EGPWS,使得(飞行员)可以更好地操纵飞机,监控飞行信息。

They can increase the performance of the flight instruments and improve the pilots’ situational awareness, and reduce the workload of the pilots.
他们可以提高飞行仪表性能,提高飞行员情景意识,减轻飞行员负荷。

However, some pilots prefer the analog instruments because they think analog instruments are more reliable and analog instruments are easier to feel the change of the aircraft’s flight information. For another thing, the pilots have to constantly scan different instruments, so it’s more difficult and tiring.
但是一些飞行员喜欢(传统)模拟仪表,因为他们认为模拟仪表更可靠,更易于感觉到飞机飞行信息的变化。但另一方面,飞行员不得不不断地浏览不同仪表,所以更困难,更累。

【Key Words and Expressions重点词汇与词组】

cockpit     驾驶舱
flight deck  驾驶舱
flight instruments  飞行仪表
flight controls   飞行操纵装置
instrument panel  仪表面板
conventional cockpit 传统驾驶舱
modern cockpit  现代驾驶舱
glass cockpit   玻璃驾驶舱
be equipped with  装备,安装
analog instruments  模拟仪表
knots and dials     旋钮与按键
airspeed indicator  空速指示器
altimeter            高度表

ADI                          姿态指引仪
digital instruments  数字化仪表
digital displays   数字化显示器
EFIS     数字化飞行仪表系统
PFD      主要飞行显示器
MFD     多功能显示器
ND       导航显示器

computerized cockpit 计算机化驾驶舱
modern technology 现代技术
increase situational awareness 提高情景意识
reduce our workload 减轻工作负荷
auditory  display  音频输出显示
【飞行英语ICAO考试】答云友提问!Cockpit词汇和句型 - 临云行 - 182202pifif1kf8yffiiaw.jpg
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
狼...之舞 评论于2018-6-16 18:22:15 |私信
希望对大家有帮助
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
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