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发表时间 : 2018-8-13 18:37:30 | 浏览 : 7952    评论 : 1

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有云友问OPI话题,今天的话题是延误(traffic delays)

1. Do traffic delays often occur in your work? What would result when delays occur?

Traffic delays do not occur very often in my work.

When delays occur, passengers may be unable to get to their destination on time. Flight crews may have to work overtime and get very anxious. Airline companies may suffer econimic losses due to flight cancellation and increase in fuel consumption.

crew变复数指多套机组,不同航班上的好多机组。见以前的帖子往期回顾:单复数变化

遭受经济损失,要说suffer economic losses,不能用suffer from。后者指患疾病或受害原因,例如:

He is suffering from a headache.

Your son is suffering from your excessive shielding (过分袒护).

2. What are the reasons for traffic delays according to your own understanding?

Many factors can lead to traffic delays, including bad weather, insufficient capacity, military activity and VIP movement. In my unit, haze (霾) is a serious problem in the winter. Sometimes, departing aircraft have to wait for a long time until the haze clears up.

补充几个答题思路:

1) personnel shortage / staffing issues (人手不够) → combine sectors → sector saturation (扇区饱和)

2) disabled aircraft on the runway → disruption in operation (运行中断) → hold in the air

3) lack of parking space → all inbound aircraft are subject to delays

3. When a pilot cannot accept delays due to performance or other reasons, how can  controllers help him?

First, we'll communicate with the pilot and find out why he is unable to accept the delay. If it is indeed an urgent case, we'll coordinate with the competent authorities and provide depature or landing priority to the flight as much as possible.

有关部门是authority,unit不够准确,department就更离谱了

4. No pilot likes delay. what do you think are some effective ways to make pilots cooperate?

I would talk to the pilot and advise him of the true causes of the delay. If possible, I would tell him how long the delay is going to be and his number in the sequence. I would be patient and try not to quarrel with him on the frequency.



5. Holding is one of the solutions to deal with delays. So what information do you need to know before you decide to give a holding instruction?

Before giving a holding instruction, I should learn the intention of the pilot and the endurance of the aircraft. I should also know where the aircraft is going to hold and how long the aircraft is expected to hold.

6. If you issue a holding instruction to a flight, what basic elements do you think should usually be stated in the holding instruction?

When I issue a holding instruction to a flight, I should include the following basic elements in the holding instruction: holding fix and altitude, left- or right-hand pattern, inbound heading and expected holding time.

回答问题时,本帖顺便总结了几个说法:

1)遭受损失:suffer / sustain losses

2)有关部门:competent authorities

不过compenent authorities在英语中使用也很少。外国人喜欢谈具体的东西,比如:

to coordinate with the approach controller / the air force / the military
【ICAO飞行员英语】回复云友们:OPI英语话题之Traffic Delays - 临云行 - 183729s14hpwwbf4zg2fxh.jpg
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
老杰.特 评论于2018-8-13 18:37:51 |私信
小伙子加油,英语靠积累
“让我们一起,飞遍全世界!” · 临云行
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